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ايڈز کيا ھے کيسے ھوتا ھے








HIV

HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. Spread the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases or multiple sex partners. Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment used to prepare illicit drugs for injection. You can prevent from HIV get medical care, treatment, and supportive services to help you stay healthy.

HIV in Urdu

HIV ka matlab hai "insani quwat modafyat mein kami ka virus" yeh aik aisa virus (jassomah) hai jo jism kay modafati nizam par hamlah karta hai. Aik arsa kay baad HIV jism ko is had tak kamzor kar deta hai keh maamoli bimari kay khelaf ki sakat nahi rehti aur aakhir kar motasirah shakhs mein bimaari ki alamat paida ho jati hain.
Pakistan taqriban 15,00,00,000 ki aabadi ka mulk hai jis mein bazahir aabadi kay aik buhat hi kam hissay mein HIV/Aids ka wajood nazar aata hai aur ab tak record par aanay walay marizon ki taadad 2,200 hai. jab keh aik takhminah kay motabiq pakistan mein 70-80 hazar afrad HIV say motasir hain. Marizon ki kam taadad ka yeh matlab har giz nahi hai keh yahan khtrah mojood nahi hai.
Pakistan kay baray mein tehqiqati report say patah chalta hai keh yahan mardon aur aurton mein is tabah kun waba say bachnay kay muamlay mein bay pana kotahi barti jati hai. Fahashi, ghair jinsi akhtalat kay awamil hamaray muashray mein bhi mojood hain. khood ko bachanay kay hifazati tadabeer ko aksar nazar andaz kar dia jata hai.
Pakistan mein sab say ziadah khatrah baloghat ki umer tak pohanchnay walay nojawanon ko hai. inhain HIV/Aids kay baray mein saray say patah hi nahi keh yeh kiun kar philti hai aur is say kaisay bacha ja sakta hai.
Alamaat:

1-Ibteda mein mariz intehayi susti aur bay chaini ka shikar ho jata hai. HIV ki infection kay patient ko patlay pakhanay din mein teen martahab say ziadah ya mosalasal waqfon say aatay rehtay hain.
2- HIV nezam tanaffus ko bhi motasir karti hai mosalsal khansi aur is kay sath sinay mein dard aur sans ki tangi bhi ho jati hai.

3- jism kay tamam Lymph Nodes sooj jatay hain aur in ka size taqreeban 1.5 tak ho jata hai yeh sozish dar aur bukhar (fever) ka bais banti hai. Fever mein paitient kay jism ka temperature 100.2 Fo say bhi ziadah ho sakta hai lekin ibtida ayam mein tempreture qadray kam hota hai is kay sath jism mein dard(pain) bhi hanay lagti hain.

4-HIV say virus becteria aur fangal infection jaisay jildi amraz bhi lahaq hojatay hain.

5-HIV ki nishanyan zahir hojanay walay mareez mein aksar mosalsal ya shadeed aur achanak barh janay wali sar dard (Headache) hota hai aur is sar dard mein aam dawaiyan ghair sabit hojati hain.

6- Aids mein khas tor par jism ki quwat madafyat (Immunity Bilkul kam ho jati hai aur kayi tarah kay amraz mareez ko lahaq ho jatay hain.

Causes:

1-HIV say motasirah kisi fard kay sath jinsi amal say.

2-HIV say motasira syringe say tika lagwana aur motasirah owzaron ka istemaal.

3-Inteqaal e khoon say, jahan khoon, khoon say bani huye ashya ya inteqaal-e- khoon mein istemaal honay walay auzar HIV say motasirah ho.

4- Maan say bachay mein montaqli say, jahan hamlah aurat HIV say motasir ho aur reham madar mein yeh virus bachay ko muntaqil kar day ya paidaish kay doran ya bachay ka maan ka doodh pilanay kay doran aisa ho jaye.

5-Woh afarad jo jinsi amraz ka shikar hon, HIV say motasir honay kay khatray say ziadah do char hotay hain. Jinsi amraz ki mojoodgi mein HIV ki muntaqli kay imkanat 5 say 10 guna barh jatay hain.

6-HIV ka virus hamesha kay liye jism mein rehta hai. HIV say motasirah afrad, chahe apnay aap ko sehat mand mehsoos karein aur tandurust nazar aayein phir bhi poori zindagi motasir rehtay hain aur doosron ko bhi motasir kar saktay hain.
Tashkhees / Lebortary Test:
HIV infection ki Anti body milnay ki ahmiyat is kay ibtedayi Screening test aur phir confermetry test par hai. Mareez ka namoonah khoon (Blood Sample bar bar masbat Reaction karay to tab ja kar ibtedayi test kay result ko masbat tasleem kia jaye. is marz kay tamam test kisi mahir doctor kay zer nigrani achi lebortary mein kiye jayein takeh ghalat result kay imkanat kam say kam hon.
HIV ko Roknay ka Tariqa:
1 Ghair azdawaji jinsi bay rah rawi say mokammal ijtenaab karein sirf sharik e hayat kay sath taluqaat karein.

2- Agar koi shaks HIV say motasir ho to is surat mein shareek hayat kay sath Condoms ka durust aur mosalsal istemaal karay.

3- Tika lagwanay say hattul imkan parhaiz karein agar zaruri lagwana hoto nayi disposible syring istemaal ki jaye.

4- Kan, naak chidwanay aur danton ki surgery waghirah mein bhi bari ahtiyaat ki zarurat hoti hai kiun keh in kay auzar jaraseem say pak nahi hotay is liye is kay awzar kay istemaal ko yaqini bananay kay baad yeh kaam sar anjam diye jayein takeh kisi mohlik marz kay phailnay kay mawaqay paida na ho sakein.

Human Immune Deficiency Virus
HIV AIDS History In Urdu And Hindi: AIDS sub sey phlay America mein 1981 mein phaila aur lakhoon aadmi iss mein mubtla hoye.  AIDS aur HIV virus AIDS ko phailanay ka sabab hein. Ab AIDS dunya mein mot ki 4th aam bimari hay. Har roze tuqreeban 16000 cases derj ho tay hein.  Jin mein  zaiyada young ho tay hein. Yeh bimari dunya kay her muluk mein phail choki hay iss kay tdaruk kay liye mo'aser intazamat kiye gaye hein aur kafi hud tak iss bimari per qabo paliye gia hay.

Hiv Aids Causes Of Spread
Hiv Aids kay phail nay kay asbab sexual milap ha. Africa mein  hum jins milap aam hay. Dosri wajah men aur women kay qareebi taa'luqat  ki wajah sey phailti hay. Aids kay germs Semen key zarye, skin  kay zerye, skin par zakhmoon kay zerye aur khoon sey dosooron ko muntaqil ho jatay hein Aids kay kuch aissay mareez bhi hotay hein jo HIV positive hotay hein.

Inn ko pta hi nahi hota kay unn ko Aids hay. Aids kay virus jisim kay ander mojood rahtay hein kafi times kay baad inn kay jisim mein gurber shuroo ho jati hay check kranay kay baad inn ko pta chalta hay kay inn kay inder aids kay germs mojood hein.  HIV ka taluq Retrovirus ki family Lent virus group sey hay iss kay 2 group hein  HIV-1 aur HIV-2. Unn  mein HIV ka taluq sirf Africa sey hey. Ta'hum kuch IndoPak mein bhi is ski alaamat mili hein.

HIV-1 aids ki trah ki bimari aky sath shamil hay aur yeh kum pain walay virus hein. Aids k a virus khoon mein dakhil ho ker Lymphocytes cells mein rahta hay. Iss ki bahir wali surface mein Glycoprotein (gp-120/cells) T cells helper Lymphocytes CD-4 sey milti hay. Aur iss virus ka indoroni hisah Lymphocytes cells  kay inder dakhil ho jata hay aur cytoplasma mein chala jata hay aur iss ka RNA separate hojata hay RNA whan sey DNA bnata hay issi trah yeh virus bunay ka silsala jari rahta hay. AIDS ka virus CD-4 ko tabah ker deta hay.

Yeh cells virus kay cells ka muqabla kar tay hein jab inn ki taadhad 200 cubic /ml kum ho ti hay phir cancer aur dosri infection shruoo ho jaati hay iss kay illawa AIDS ka virus khoon mein Macrophages mein dakhil ho ja ta hay aur dimagh tuk asser kar tay hein iss sey dimagh mein AIDS mein Dmentia mein dakhil ho ker Myeloid Cells per hamla ker tay hein iss sey white cells pais ho tay hi kum ho jatay hein aur khoon mein inn ki taad ba'tadreed kum ho jati hay iss trah HIV nervous system  per bohat aser ho ta hay.

How Is HIV Aids Spread
AIDS kay phailanay kay kaii zerye hein jo muder ja zel hein.

1-Sexual Intercourse 
Dunya mein Heterosexual AIDS phailanay mein sub numayan hein woh men aur women jin ka genital Ulcer ho men sey women ko jaldi Aids kay virus muntaqil ho tay hein men to men azaye tnasul sey hotay hein rugger khanay sey zakhum paida hotay hein. 

HIV aasani sey khoon mein dakhil ho ker infection ker tay hein . Yeh bimaria urtoon sey murdoon ko bhi Intercourse kay zerye ho ti hay jis murd mein AIDS kay germs phlay sey mojoos hoon issay juldi lug jati hay. Hiv Aids in Pakistan mein is ski shrah bohat kum hein sirf who loog  iss mein mubtala ho jatay hein jo ta'wiaf ya aawarah aurtoon sey jinsi taluqat rukhtay hein.

2- Mother To Child Aids 
Mother sey child aids kay virus juldi muntaqil ho tay hein united nation ki report kay mutbiq tuqreban 600000 child abtak mutasir ho ckay hein. Yeh virus mother ki traf sey new baby ko muntaqil ho jatay hein. Brest feeding sey 20% chances  hein. tarqi yafta countries mein yeh shrah kum rahi hay, jub kay traqi pa'zeer countries mein yeh shrah 90% hay jahan mother breast feeding pilanay per mujboor hein.

3- Contaminated Blood Transfusion
Aids kay mareez ko blood ki zaroorat hoti hay iss liye doosray logoon say koon layker unn mareezoon ko blood transfusion kia jata hay khoon bagair test kiye muntqil ker nay say aids ki bimari dosroon ko lug jati hay. Agar gunda khoon ho ga to tundurst log bhi Aids ka shiker ho jaien gein. Iss liye bohat ahatiat ki zaroorat hay . khoon mein Aids ka test kia jay eta kay dosray log iss bimaari say bach saken.

4- Tissue Transplantation 
Baaz mareezoon kay tissue bimari ki waajah say motarum ho tay hein aur tubdel kernay per tay hein unn ko dosray say tissues layker transplant ker nay hotay hein. aissi sorat mein ager Aids walay mareez kay tissues transplant krein gay to iss say dosray mareez ko Aids ki bimari ho jaye gii.

5- Para-Medical Staff 
Hospitals  mein doctors aur para medical staff ilaaj ker tay waqat aids ki bimari mein mubtla ho saktay hein . khas ker dantoon kay doctors ko mareez kay dant nikaltay waqat ya lagatay waqat mareez say aids ki infection ho sakti hay. Agar mareez aids wala ho.

Issi trah ager ilaaj ker nay wala aids ka mareez ho ga to iss say illaj kerwanay walay ko aids kay virus muntaqil ho jaye gaen. Doran ilaaj bleeding ho ti hay ya koii zukhm ho ta hay iss say fingure aur hands ko aids kay virus lug jatay hein aur jild kay zerye jism mein muntaqil ho jatay hein.

Signs and Symptoms of Hiv Aids In Urdu and Hindi
Aids ki virus sey marezoon  mein kaii sal tak is ski alaamat zahir nahi ho ti jub kay unn mein yeh virus ho ti hay 10 sal tak is ski alaamat khu'fya rahti hein baaz halat mein 15 sal tak kai alaamt zahir nahi ho ti hay iss arsay  kay baad Aids kay mareezoon mein dosri bimariyan jeisay nuzlah, zuakm, Influnza ki alaamat ho ti hein.

Malaria ho ja ta hay tissues sooj jatay hein intestine mein sozish ho ti hay yeh aam alaamat hein, lekin yeh bhi zaroori nahi kay inn ki wajah sey Aids ho. Aik condition A.R.C. hay aissi condition mein marez ko fever hota hay loose motion ho ta hay aur weight kum ho jata hay.

Mareez mein white cells ki taadad  kum ho ja ti hay . Aisii condition  rahay to mareez ko Aids ho ja ti hay Aids kay mreez mein kai aik Infections ho iss bat ki alamat hein kay mareez ko Aids shuroo ho gaii hay.

CD-4 aur CD-8 mein lymphocytes ki ratio 0.6 sy kum ho na mouth aur throat mein Candidiasis ki infection hona.

Serum mein P24 Antigen ki mojoodgi , blood  mein CD.4 aur lymphocytes ki taadad 400 /cubic mm say kum ho na aur serum Beta 2 Microglobuline ki miqdar burh ja na.

Laboratory  Test 
Mareez ko HIV ki infection kay 1-3 month kay doran aids ki virus kay khalaf Antibodies ko dekha jaye iss kay doo test kiye jatay hein .

Elisa Test 
Iss test kay liye mareez kay khoon mein Antibodies IgG dakhil kiye jatay hein ager yeh mojood hoon aur natijah positive ho to dsra test kia jata hay.

Western Blot Test 
Yeh test Aids ki tuskheesh kay liye bohat ahum hay iss mein mareez kay khoon mein Antibodies dakhil kiye ja tay hein iss say Antibodies aur Antibodies complex ki mojoodgi ka pata chal ja ta hay yeh test bilkul correct result deta hay iss mein error nahi ho ta hay.

Treatment of Hiv Aids In Urdu and Hindi
Aids ki bimari ka sahih ilaaj deryaft nahi ho saka jo bhi durgs use ki jaye gii  unn say Aids ka mukmal tor per khatmah nahi ho sakta.  Iss beemari men aisi dawaen ka istamaal karaya jata he jin se mareez ki allaamat door hon jese infection. Ye beemari am mel jol se nahi phelti jub tak ke mareez ke jism per koi zakhm ya us ko bleeding na ho rahi ho. Iss liye mareez ko bilkul achoot na samagh len balke is ke saath humdardi karen aur usey achi ghiza den ta ke jaldi recovery ho is beemari men jinsi tauluqat se mukaammal perhez karaya jata hejub tak mareez ke ander virus  inactive na ho jae. Mareez kay istamal ki cheezen jese razor, nail cutter, brush waghaira bilkul alag rakhen. Sirf doctor ke mashware se dawaen istamal karen

ايڈز کيا ھے کيسے ھوتا ھے Reviewed by Tariq Luqman on 9:36 PM Rating: 5

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